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国企改革这十年(一)

2017-2-28
2013-09-03
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

“增强公有制经济特别是国有经济发展活力。”723日,习近平总书记在湖北省武汉市主持召开部分省市负责人座谈会,就全面深化改革需要研究的重大问题所说的这句话,既亮出了公有制经济不容动摇的底限,也凸显目前国企改革活力仍然未能充分释放的现实;既是对过去十年国企改革实践的总结,更是对这场改革未来方向的进一步明确。

从国资委成立至今,已经过去了整整十个年头。十年来,中国的国有企业在市场经济的大潮中破浪前行,企业面貌发生了翻天覆地的变化,已经无可争议地成为中国经济的中流砥柱。

然而,在国企发展壮大的同时,却出人意料地陷入了舆论困境:从垄断到腐败,从低效到高薪,外界对于国企的质疑和指责之声一直没有间断。甚至有观点认为,国企已经成为横亘在中国经济前行道路上的最大障碍,应不断削弱国企,甚至彻底私有化。

这些判断,既有对社会主义市场经济认识理解不充分的原因,也有少部分人另有所图故意混淆视听。但无论情况如何复杂,国企和国企改革的前进步伐决不能因此而有所放缓。

当然,今日之国企改革远未结束,比如:国有股权过大、机制不灵活,与现代企业制度目标要求不相协调;国企发展质量不高、投入产出效率低下;国企财务管理弱化,管理水平和风险防控能力亟待提升;“走出去”过程中国际竞争力较低,还不具备跨国经营实力……还有待加大改革力度以充分释放国有经济活力。

“改革还未成功,国企仍需努力。”面对民族复兴大业,在后危机时代,只有国企才能担当起带动中国经济冲出包围、实现转型升级主力军的角色。因此,国企改革深化的好与坏,不仅仅是重大经济问题,更是严肃的政治问题。

 

国企改革攻坚路

中国的国有企业改革是要使国有企业进入市场,这就意味中国的经济发展将走出一条不同于西方市场经济的道路。

中国的国有企业诞生于新生的共和国,成长于计划经济体制。当时,它肩负着实现国家工业化的历史重任。1978年,国有企业开始改革,当时明确提出不搞私有化,但要改革指令性计划体制,发挥市场对国有企业运行的调节作用。同时,国家放开非国有企业的发展。

在西方市场经济中,真正作为市场竞争主体的则是非国有企业,而国有企业更多的是用于弥补市场缺欠,它与非国有企业之间是一种互补关系。然而,中国的国有企业改革则是要使国有企业进入市场,这就意味中国的经济发展将走出一条不同于西方市场经济的道路。

国有企业能否在市场中发展,没有现实答案,只能通过改革实践去探寻。改革主要是沿着两条主线来推进的,即建立适应市场经济要求的国有企业制度和构建国有资产管理体制。

1978——1998年:

探索并明确市场化改革方向

改革的起点是1978年,当时的国有企业只是一个指令性计划的执行者,它的生产、投资、销售、资金调拨、员工录用均按指令性计划行事。利润上交财政、亏损由财政补贴。

最初改革目的就是要发挥市场调节的作用,调动国有企业做好生产经营的积极性。因此,国有企业的运行由完全受制于指令性计划开始转为受计划与市场的双重调节。正是由于计划与市场的并存,因此改革的取向一直存在着计划与市场之争。但随着改革的推进,指令性计划不断被削弱,而市场的作用则不断增强。1992年,党的十四大终结了计划与市场之争,确定改革的目标是建立市场经济体制。所以,在这一时期,改革主要是使国有企业挣脱指令性计划束缚而逐步走向市场。

然而,计划体制下的国有企业是无法进入市场的,所以,国有企业运行要实现市场化,必须实现制度创新。为此,对国有企业采取了扩大企业自主权、实行经济责任制、两步利改税、承包经营责任制、转换经营机制等不同形式的改革,最终的目标是建立现代企业制度,这就是将国有企业改革为按新时代赌城法登记并受新时代赌城法约束的新时代赌城制企业。为实现这一转变,1994年,国务院启动了百户国有企业建立现代企业制度试点。到1997年,三年的试点工作取得阶段性成果,为推进国有企业新时代赌城制改革提供了有益的经验。

在探索创新国有企业制度的同时,还实施了一项重要的改革举措,即组建和发展企业集团。这就是以某个大型企业为核心,将一些国有企业划归它进行管理,从而形成了由企业来管理企业的层级制法人企业联合体。1987年,国家开始组建企业集团试点,据此发布了《关于大型工业联营企业在国家计划中实行单列的暂行规定》《关于组建和发展企业集团的几点意见》。此后,国家积极鼓励企业集团的发展,并随之出台了一些相应的政策文件。因此,企业集团迅速发展,1996年,1993家国有企业集团的总资产就占到全部国有企业总资产的1/4。企业集团成为国有企业改革中出现的一种重要企业组织形式,也是国家管理国有企业的重要方式。

在国有企业改革的同时,国有资产管理体制也在探索改革。中央层面,国有企业仍由各行业主管部门管理,它们任免直接管理的国有企业领导人、分配国家预算内投资、审批投资项目、下达部分产品生产计划等。也就是说,行业主管部门仍然拥有计划体制下的绝对大部分管理国有企业的权力。企业真正能够拥有的权力就是部分产品或某些产品部分的生产经营自主权。1988年,国务院曾组建国家国有资产管理局,目的是行使对国有企业的资产所有权、监督管理权、投资收益权、资产处置权等职能,但受相关因素制约,它未能履行自己的职能,而更多的是做了一些资产登记管理等工作。于是在1998年国务院机构改革时被撤销。

在地方,一些省()则对国有资产管理体制进行了积极探索,出现了上海模式、深圳模式、武汉模式等。它们的一个共同特点就是撤销各行业主管部门,同时将由它们直接管理的国有企业捆绑打包组建若干家国有企业集团,然后再建立一个国有资产管理机构,由它来统一管理各个国有企业集团,包括任免企业领导人、批准重大投资项目、审批年度投资和经营预算等。

1998——2002年:

解决国有企业改革中累积的矛盾

1998年,适应建立社会主义市场经济体制的要求,国务院机构进行了重大改革,撤销了管理国有企业的各行业主管部门,对每个行业的国有企业捆绑打包,组建了一家或几家企业集团。至此,企业集团成为国有企业的主要组织形式。对企业集团的管理则由相应的党政有关部门各司其职,如党的企业工委负责企业领导人任免,劳动人事部门负责工资和劳动管理,财政部门负责企业财务管理,计划部门负责投资审批,企业监事会负责监督管理,经贸委负责国有企业改革。

这时,指令性计划被取消,国有企业完全进入市场,但国有企业却存在着严重的问题。一是竞争能力不强且负担沉重。在双轨制下,很多国有企业将更多的精力放在如何争取来自行业主管部门的投资项目、国家的政策支持上,而不是关注如何提高自身的市场竞争能力。而很多投资项目的资金则主要来自于银行贷款,所以企业背上了沉重的债务负担。有相当数量的国有企业,其负担的银行利息已远超过企业利润。同时,很多企业还拥有大量的富余人员。这两大负担,使国有企业很难参与市场竞争。二是公务员制的企业领导人身份。当时的国有企业领导人仿效公务员进行管理,甚至他们就是公务员身份,享受着相应级别的公务员待遇。把企业干好了,不会给自己带来更多的利益;把企业干坏了,因本身的级别待遇,利益不会受到根本损害,甚至不排除到其他岗位任职。这样的企业领导人是很难经营管理好企业的。三是多部门管理的责任缺失。多部门管理下的各司其职,导致对国有企业管理缺乏明确的责任人。结果便是,有些事情,各部门争着管,而有些事情则无人管。

由于存在着这些问题,已市场化的国有企业表现出难以适应市场竞争的状况,有相当数量的企业陷入困境。对此,19999月,十五届四中全会专门研究国有企业改革发展问题,通过了《关于国有企业改革和发展若干重大问题的决定》,提出用三年左右的时间,使大多数国有大中型亏损企业摆脱困境,力争到20世纪末大多数国有大中型企业初步建立现代企业制度。

以此为目标,实施了相应的改革措施。一是实施债转股。剥离四大国有商业银行的不良资产给新成立的信达、长城、东方、华融四家资产管理新时代赌城,由其负责管理和处置。同时,对这些部分不良资产所在的580户企业实施债权转股权,总额为4050亿元。二是实施下岗分流,让一些失去竞争能力的企业退出市场。1999年,在纺织、煤炭、有色、冶金、军工等行业批准兼并破产项目1718个,核销银行呆坏账准备金1261亿元。为消除冗员,实施员工下岗分流,1998---2002年,2100万员工下岗。三是加快企业技术进步,推动结构优化。国家有计划分批安排880个技术改造项目,总投资2400亿元,其中银行贷款1459亿元,国家给予贴息195亿元。四是加强企业内部管理。推广邯钢经验,以成本、资金和质量管理为重点,努力降低采购、销售、管理等费用,提高效益。五是加强企业领导班子建设。加大对企业领导班子培训、考核、调整的力度,使一批优秀的管理人才走向领导岗位。强化经营激励约束,试行年薪制,部分企业还搞了股权激励。

这些改革举措,基本上解决了20年国有企业改革累积的矛盾,国有企业由一个虚弱的病人成为一个正常的健康人,基本具备了参与市场竞争的条件。

2003年以来:

建立市场化发展的体制机制

20034月,国务院国资委成立,对中央企业履行出资人职责。此前,中央各有关部门负责管理国有企业的权力全部划归国资委,这改变了国有企业多部门管理时责任不清的问题。同时,20多年国有企业改革的艰辛探索,对创新国有企业在市场经济中竞争发展的体制与机制提供了有益的借鉴,因此,国有企业新的体制机制应运而生。

一是实行经营业绩考核与年薪制。2003年以前,国有企业领导人是有任期但没有考核的,薪酬比照同级别公务员。2003年以来,对国有企业领导人实行经营业绩考核并实行年薪制。考核结果作为企业领导人是否留任或晋升的根据,并同时决定他们的薪酬。在这样的制度安排下,任何一个理性的国有企业领导人都会在主观上尽全力来把企业做好。同时,国有企业领导人基本上有较高的素质和管理好企业的能力,因此,搞好国有企业就有了基本保证。

二是体制机制的重大创新。以产权主体多元化为基础,将国有企业改革为新时代赌城化企业。改革基本上有两种选择:组建有限责任新时代赌城或股份有限新时代赌城。后者又可有三种:部分业务上市或主营业务上市或整体上市。因此,今天的国有企业主要为国有产权控股下的产权主体多元化新时代赌城制企业,并且有相当数量的企业已经实现了主营业务或全部业务上市。目前,就中央企业来说,已经有超过60%的资产进入上市新时代赌城。这样的产权结构是国有企业能够在市场经济中竞争发展的制度保证。

累积矛盾的解决,加之体制机制的创新,使得国有企业实现了快速发展。以前,谈到国有企业时,总的看法是困难、搞不好、缺乏市场竞争力。现在,再谈国有企业时,已完全改变以上看法,甚至以势头凶猛来形容国有企业的发展。在三年脱困时期,基于当时国有企业的困境,免去利润上缴,现在基于国有企业利润快速增长,国有企业已重新上缴利润。

(本文章摘自《瞭望》新闻周刊。)

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